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CA AB 1806

About the Act

AB 1806 Pupil services: homeless children and youth.

This act amends California Education Code sections (Ca. Educ. Code §) 48915.5, 48918.1, 51225.1, and 51225.2 with regards to expulsions, graduation requirements, and partial credit for students experiencing homelessness, as outlined below.

Cal. Educ. Code § 48915.5 (Expulsions)

  • The local educational agency (LEA) homeless liaison shall be invited to Individualized Education Program manifestation determination meetings if:
    • The meeting is regarding a homeless student with exceptional needs;  
    • The LEA has proposed a placement change; and
    • The proposed placement change is due to an act for which a decision to recommend expulsion is at the discretion of the principal or the district superintendent.

Cal. Educ. Code § 48918.1 (Expulsions)

  • School districts must provide LEA homeless liaisons with notice of expulsion hearings if the hearing is regarding a homeless student and the decision to recommend expulsion is a discretionary act. 
  • Districts may provide LEA homeless liaisons with notice of expulsion hearings if the hearing is regarding a homeless student and a recommendation of expulsion is required. 
  • The above notices must be given at least 10 calendar days before the date of the hearing.

Cal. Educ. Code § 51225.1 (Graduation Requirements)

  • Districts shall exempt a homeless student who transfers schools any time after the completion of the student’s 2nd year of high school from all coursework and other requirements adopted by the district that are in addition to statewide requirements, unless the student is reasonably able to complete the district's graduation requirements in time to graduate from high school by the end of the student's 4th year of high school.
  •  If the district determines that the homeless student is reasonably able to complete the district’s graduation requirements within the student's fifth year of high school, the district shall do all of the following:
    • Inform the student of the option to remain in school for a fifth year ‚Äčto complete the district’s graduation requirements.
    • Inform the student, and the student's educational decision maker, about how remaining in school for a fifth year to complete the district’s graduation requirements will affect the student's ability to gain admission to a postsecondary educational institution.
    • Provide information to the student about transfer opportunities available through the California Community Colleges.
  • To determine whether a homeless student is in the 3rd or 4th year of high school, the district may use either the number of credits the student has earned to the date of transfer or the length of the student's school enrollment, whichever will qualify the student for the exemption. 
  • Within 30 calendar days of the date that a homeless student may qualify for the exemption from local graduation requirements transfers into a school, the district shall notify the student, the student's educational decision maker, and the LEA homeless liaison of the availability of the exemption and whether the student qualifies for an exemption.
  • If a homeless student is exempted from local graduation requirements and completes statewide coursework requirements before the end of their 4th year in high school and would otherwise be entitled to remain in attendance at the school, a school or district  shall not require or request that the student graduate before the end of their 4th year.
  • A homeless student who is eligible for the exemption from local graduation requirements and would otherwise be entitled to remain in attendance at the school shall not be required to accept the exemption or be denied enrollment in, or the ability to complete, courses for which he or she is otherwise eligible, including courses necessary to attend an institution of higher education, regardless of whether those courses are required for statewide graduation requirements.
  • If a homeless student is not exempted from local graduation requirements or has previously declined the exemption, a district shall exempt the student at any time if an exemption is requested by the student and the student qualifies for the exemption.
  • If a homeless student is exempted from local graduation requirements, a district shall not revoke the exemption.
  • A district shall not require or request that a homeless student transfer schools in order to qualify for an exemption from local graduation requirements.

Cal. Educ. Code § 51225.2 (Partial Credit)

  • Districts and county offices of education (COEs) shall accept coursework satisfactorily completed by a homeless student while attending another public school, a juvenile court school, or a nonpublic, nonsectarian school or agency even if the student did not complete the entire course and shall issue that student full or partial credit for the coursework completed.    
  • Districts and COEs shall not require homeless students to retake a course if the student has satisfactorily completed the entire course in a public school, a juvenile court school, or a nonpublic, nonsectarian school or agency. If the student did not complete the entire course, the district or COE shall not require the student to retake the portion of the course the student completed unless the district or COE, in consultation with educational decision maker, finds that the student is reasonably able to complete the requirements in time to graduate from high school. When partial credit is awarded in a particular course, the homeless student shall be enrolled in the same or equivalent course, if applicable, so that the student may continue and complete the entire course.
  • The homeless student shall not be prevented from retaking or taking a course to meet the eligibility requirements for admission to the California State University or the University of California.

Legislation